How did Germany get divided?
A Divided Germany
After the Potsdam conference, Germany was divided into four occupied zones: Great Britain in the northwest, France in the southwest, the United States in the south and the Soviet Union in the east. Berlin, the capital city situated in Soviet territory, was also divided into four occupied zones.
Why was Berlin split in half?
After World War II, defeated Germany was divided into Soviet, American, British and French zones of occupation. The city of Berlin, though technically part of the Soviet zone, was also split, with the Soviets taking the eastern part of the city.
Why was Germany split into 4 zones?
For purposes of occupation, the Americans, British, French, and Soviets divided Germany into four zones. … Berlin, the former capital, which was surrounded by the Soviet zone, was placed under joint four-power authority but was partitioned into four sectors for administrative purposes.
Why was Germany split after ww2?
At the end of the Second World War, Germany was divided into four zones of occupation under the control of the United States, Britain, France and the Soviet Union. … Germany became a focus of Cold War politics and as divisions between East and West became more pronounced, so too did the division of Germany.
How was Berlin divided if it was in East Germany?
The Berlin Wall: The Partitioning of Berlin
They split the defeated nation into four “allied occupation zones”: The eastern part of the country went to the Soviet Union, while the western part went to the United States, Great Britain and (eventually) France.
What was the difference between East Berlin and West Berlin?
East Berlin was the de facto capital city of the German Democratic Republic from 1949 to 1990. Formally, it was the Soviet sector of Berlin, established in 1945. The American, British, and French sectors were known as West Berlin.