Which prepositions take which case German?
Some prepositions within the German language are two-way prepositions, which means they can be either accusative or dative. The simple rule to remember is: if you are referring to either movement or direction, you use the accusative case, whereas if you are referring to location or position, you use the dative.
What part of a sentence takes the accusative case in German?
The “accusative case” is used when the noun is the direct object in the sentence. In other words, when it’s the thing being affected (or “verbed”) in the sentence. And when a noun is in the accusative case, the words for “the” change a teeny tiny bit from the nominative.
Which German prepositions take the dative?
Again, there are 9 prepositions that are always dative: aus, außer, bei, mit, nach, seit, von, zu, gegenüber. Remember: every time you use one of these exclusively dative prepositions, the noun that follows it has to be in the dative case.
Which preposition governs either the accusative or dative case?
Two-way prepositions require nouns either in the accusative case or in the dative case. There are 10 two-way prepositions: an, auf, hinter, in, neben, entlang, über, unter, vor, zwischen.
Which prepositions take the accusative in German?
- für – for.
- um – round, around.
- durch – through.
- gegen – against.
- entlang – along (usually placed after the noun, rather than before it)
- bis – until.
- ohne – without.
- wider – against, contrary to something.
What case does the preposition in take?
Most prepositions “govern” only one case, a few such as “in” can take either, but with a change of meaning. “In” with the accusative means into, onto, against… it has the idea of forward motion, whereas “in” with the ablative denotes simply position, in or on.
What is an accusative sentence in German?
The accusative case, akkusativ, is the one that is used to convey the direct object of a sentence; the person or thing being affected by the action carried out by the subject.
What is the accusative case in German examples?
The accusative case is the second of four cases in German. Its purpose is to clearly demonstrate the direct object of the sentence, or the person/thing receiving the action.
How do you tell if a sentence is nominative or accusative in German?
1. German Nouns Have Genders
- The nominative case is used for sentence subjects. The subject is the person or thing that does the action. …
- The accusative case is for direct objects. …
- The dative case is for indirect objects. …
- The genitive case is used to express possession.
What prepositions are translated with the dative?
- aus – out of, from.
- bei – at, amongst, with (like ‘chez’ in French)
- mit – with.
- nach – after; to (country)
- seit – since.
- von – from, of.
- zu – to, at.
- gegenüber (von) – opposite.
What are the 8 dative prepositions?
Terms in this set (8)
- aus. from, out of.
- außer. except.
- bei. at, near.
- mit. with, by.
- nach. after, to.
- seit. since (time), for.
- von. by, from.
- zu. to.
What are dative prepositions?
Simply put, dative prepositions are governed by the dative case. That is, they are followed by a noun or take an object in the dative case. In English, prepositions take the objective case (object of the preposition) and all prepositions take the same case.