What was the significance of the Congress of Berlin?
The Congress of Berlin took place from 13 June to 13 July 1878. Its general purpose was to create a new peace settlement between the Ottoman Empire and Russia after the Russian victory in the Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878).
What was the Congress of Berlin and what did they establish?
Congress of Berlin was held in the city of Berlin from 13th June to 13th July of 1878. It was a meeting to rectify the Treaty of San Stefano (1878) and to settle peace between the Ottoman Empire of Turkey and the Empire of Russia. It is about to settle the future of the Balkan region of East Europe.
What did the Congress of Berlin do quizlet?
The Congress of Berlin returned territories to the Ottoman Empire that the previous treaty had given to the Principality of Bulgaria, most notably Macedonia, thus setting up a strong revanchist demand in Bulgaria that in 1912 led to the First Balkan War.
What agreements came out of the Berlin Conference?
The general act of the Conference of Berlin declared the Congo River basin to be neutral (a fact that in no way deterred the Allies from extending the war into that area in World War I); guaranteed freedom for trade and shipping for all states in the basin; forbade slave trading; and rejected Portugal’s claims to the …
What did the Treaty of Berlin do?
The Treaty of Berlin (German-Soviet Neutrality and Nonaggression Pact) was a treaty signed on 24 April 1926 under which Germany and the Soviet Union pledged neutrality in the event of an attack on the other by a third party for five years.
What did the Treaty of Berlin do in Africa?
To gain public acceptance, the conference resolved to end slavery by African and Islamic powers. Thus, an international prohibition of the slave trade throughout their respected spheres was signed by the European members.
How did the Berlin conference affect Africa?
The Berlin Conference of 1884-1885 set the ground rules for the colonization of Africa by European powers. … African natural resources were essentially stolen from them for the betterment of the European industrial economies. This impact is still felt in Africa today as they struggle to develop.
What were the main articles of the Treaty of Berlin?
The decisions of the congress, embodied in the Treaty of Berlin of July 1878, included establishment of Bulgaria as an autonomous principality that was to remain nominally under Ottoman sovereignty; recognition of the independence of Montenegro and an increase in its territory; recognition of the independence of Serbia …
Who organized the Congress of Berlin?
It was organized under the auspices of the Concert of Europe. In the wake of the Russo-Turkish War (1877–78), the meeting’s aim was to reorganize the countries of the Balkans. Otto von Bismarck, who led the Congress, undertook to balance the distinct interests of Britain, Russia, and Austria-Hungary.