How do you use GE in German?
German past participles are generally more instantly recognizable than English participles thanks to most of them using a ge– prefix. The participles of German regular (also called “weak”) verbs are usually formed simply by adding ge– before the stem of the infinitive and ending with –t or –et.
What does the suffix GE mean?
#119 ge → earth
The Greek root word ge, commonly used in the English prefix geo-, means “earth.” This Greek root is the word origin of a good number of English vocabulary words, including geology, geography, and geometry.
What are strong verbs in German?
In the Germanic languages, a strong verb is a verb that marks its past tense by means of changes to the stem vowel (ablaut). The majority of the remaining verbs form the past tense by means of a dental suffix (e.g. -ed in English), and are known as weak verbs.
How do you use the present participle in German?
The present participle of German verbs is formed by adding a -d suffix to the infinitive form of the verb. By far the most common use of the German present participle is as an adjective. Like other adjectives, the present participle takes endings when used attributively.
What does GE mean in German?
ago. It’s the past tense per se and used in the perfect past. You know in English you can say “I ate” or “I have eaten”. “Ate” is the preterite and “have eaten” is the perfect. German has the same but they use “ge” before the verb.
How do you form the future tense in German?
The future tense is formed using the conjugated form of the verb werden (VAIR-den ‘to become’). It’s in regular verb position with the infinitive form of the other verb at the end of the sentence. Translation = She is becoming a veternarian.
What does GE mean in Latin?
From Latin hīc (“here”).
What does the prefix GE mean in Old English?
In Old English, the prefix “ge-” denoted the completion or result of an action; in Middle English, the prefix shifted to “y-” and appeared in words such as “ybaptised” and “yoccupied.” Eventually, all the “y-” words except “yclept” fell into disuse.
What does the prefix GE mean in Dutch?
Hi, Ge- attached to a verb normally indicates that the verbal form is a past participle. For example: 1.
How do you know if a verb is strong or weak in German?
Strong verbs are “irregular” (though not necessarily in all their forms), weak verbs are “regular,” and “mixed verbs” (which account for the “half” in “two and a half types of verbs”) are a small class of verbs that take weak verb endings but are nevertheless irregular.
What are examples of strong verbs?
Strong Verbs Examples
- Blow > blew (past tense), blown (past participle)
- Break > broke (past tense), broken (past participle)
- Do > did (past tense), done (past participle)
- Feed > fed (past tense and past particle)
- Lie (down) > lay (past tense), lain (past participle)
- Speak > spoke (past tense), spoken (past participle)
How do you find strong verbs?
To identify whether you’re using strong verbs, identify all the verbs in your writing, evaluate whether those verbs are repetitive, and decide whether those verbs convey precise and evocative meanings.