What were 2 consequences for Germany in the Treaty of Versailles?
Germany lost 10% of its land, all its overseas colonies, 12.5% of its population, 16% of its coal and 48% of its iron industry. There were also the humiliating terms, which made Germany accept blame for the war, limit their armed forces and pay reparations.
What were 2 demands placed on Germany in the Treaty of Versailles?
The Treaty of Versailles held Germany responsible for starting the war and imposed harsh penalties in terms of loss of territory, massive reparations payments and demilitarization.
What did the Treaty of Versailles do to Germany?
The Treaty of Versailles is one of the most controversial armistice treaties in history. The treaty’s so-called “war guilt” clause forced Germany and other Central Powers to take all the blame for World War I. This meant a loss of territories, reduction in military forces, and reparation payments to Allied powers.
What were the punishments for Germany?
The Treaty of Versailles punished Germany after World War I by forcing them to pay massive war reparations, cede territory, limit the size of their armed forces, and accept full responsibility for the war.
What was Germany’s punishment after ww2?
After World War II, according to the Potsdam conference held between July 17 and August 2, 1945, Germany was to pay the Allies US$23 billion mainly in machinery and manufacturing plants. Dismantling in the west stopped in 1950. Reparations to the Soviet Union stopped in 1953.
Why did they punish Germany?
Germany was accused of starting the war and civilians from the countries forming the Allies piled pressure on their representatives to have Germany punished for the war. The Allies felt strongly that Germany was responsible for the damage caused by the war and should be held accountable by paying reparations.
What were the 5 main terms of the Treaty of Versailles?
(1) The surrender of all German colonies as League of Nations mandates. (2) The return of Alsace-Lorraine to France. (3) Cession of Eupen-Malmedy to Belgium, Memel to Lithuania, the Hultschin district to Czechoslovakia. (4) Poznania, parts of East Prussia and Upper Silesia to Poland.
What were the 5 main provisions of the Treaty of Versailles?
The treaty forced Germany to surrender colonies in Africa, Asia and the Pacific; cede territory to other nations like France and Poland; reduce the size of its military; pay war reparations to the Allied countries; and accept guilt for the war. What were the treaty’s most controversial provisions?
What did the Treaty of Versailles require Germany to do quizlet?
How did the Treaty of Versailles affect Germany? Germany was forced to demilitarize the Rhineland, Germany was forced to pay reparations to the French and English, and Germany was forced to accept TOTAL guilt for the war.