What is the principle of alternative possibilities?
A dominant role in nearly all recent inquiries into the free-will problem has been played by a principle which I shall call “the principle of alternate possibilities.” This principle states that a person is morally responsible for what he has done only if he could have done otherwise.
What are alternate possibilities?
An alternate possibility is simply another option that an agent has at the time that he or she acts. This principle may hold in part because of the Ought Implies Can principle, which states that a subject ought to do something only if she can do that action.
Why Harry Frankfurt thinks we are sometimes free even if we Cannot have done otherwise?
A person’s act is free if and only if that person could have done otherwise. The natural thought is that if fatalism is true, that means that no one ever could have done otherwise; and therefore that, given the principle of alternate possibilities, no one ever acts freely.
What is the principle of alternate possibilities quizlet?
Which of the following states the Principle of Alternate Possibilities? A person can be morally responsible for doing something only if the person could have chosen to act otherwise.
What does the principle of alternate possibilities say explain Frankfurt criticism of this?
Having presented his counterargument against the principle of alternate possibilities, Frankfurt suggests that it be revised to take into account the fallacy of the notion that coercion precludes an agent from moral responsibility. It must be only because of coercion that the agent acts as he does.
What is the libertarian argument for free will?
Libertarians believe that free will is incompatible with causal determinism, and agents have free will. They therefore deny that causal determinism is true. There are three major categories of libertarians. Event-causal libertarians believe that free actions are indeterministically caused by prior events.
What is a willing addict?
In the Willing Addict case, the direct cause of the willing addict’s using the drug is his desire to use the drug, a desire that as it happens is irresistible.
What is Frankfurt’s argument?
It is widely recognized that Harry Frankfurt dramatically shaped the debates. over free will and moral responsibility by arguing that the sort of freedom. germane to moral responsibility does not involve the freedom to do other. wise.
What principle does Frankfurt offer in place of the principle of alternate possibilities?
Frankfurt rejects PAP in favor of the following principle: Frankfurt’s Replacement of PAP (call it ‘PAP+’): A person is morally responsible for what s/he has done only if (a) s/he could have done otherwise, or (b) s/he could NOT have done otherwise, but s/he does not act SOLELY for this reason.
Is determinism a theory?
determinism, in philosophy, theory that all events, including moral choices, are completely determined by previously existing causes. The theory holds that the universe is utterly rational because complete knowledge of any given situation assures that unerring knowledge of its future is also possible. …