Frequent question: What types of German are there?

How many types of German are there?

German is a pluricentric language; the three standardized variants are German, Austrian, and Swiss Standard High German. It is also notable for its broad spectrum of dialects, with many varieties existing in Europe and other parts of the world.

Do Germans speak High or Low German?

It has been estimated that Low German has approximately 2.2–5 million speakers in Germany, primarily Northern Germany, and 2.15 million in the Netherlands.

Low German
Native speakers Estimated 4.35-7.15 million Up to 10 million second-language speakers (2001)

Which type of German should I learn?

You preferably learn standard German but get used to the Bavarian dialect as well (which will happen either way if you’re living there for two years). Don’t try to learn Bavarian, try to understand it. Your aim should be to speak normal standard German, every Bavarian will understand you, they are bilingual.

What is difference between High German and Low German?

German is widely studied as a foreign language and is one of the main cultural languages of the Western world. … The main difference between High and Low German is in the sound system, especially in the consonants. High German, the language of the southern highlands of Germany, is the official written language.

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What are the top 3 languages spoken in Germany?

Breakdown of Languages Spoken in Germany

Rank Language Speakers (% of Population)
1 German 95
2 English 56
3 French 15
4 Russian 5

Do Germans have different dialects?

German is diverse – more than 16 regional dialect groups show this. … But a dialect is more than just its vocabulary. It is also a separate linguistic system, with its own rules and a characteristic speech melody. The term “dialect” comes from ancient Greek and means “conversation and parlance of groups”.

Is Low German still spoken?

known as Low German, or Plattdeutsch, historically was spoken in all regions occupied by the Saxons and spread across the whole of the North German Plain. Although it has been largely displaced by standard German, it is still widely spoken, especially among elderly and rural inhabitants in the areas near…

Are Low German and High German mutually intelligible?

Are German dialects mutually intelligible? The short answer is “No”. Had people from different German-speaking regions not all learnt a common standard German, they would have a hard time understanding each other. … The Low German dialects in Germany’s North are mutually intelligible but not understood elsewhere.