Frequent question: What potatoes are used in Germany?

Why are potatoes popular in Germany?

According to legend, King Frederick II of Prussia believed in the economic and nutritious value of potatoes. He tricked local farmers into planting more of the so-called apple of the earth by posting soldiers around the potato fields to protect them. It worked — highly valued goods taste even better.

What kind of potatoes do Germans eat?

Germany’s many varieties of potatoes are divided into three categories: festkochend (waxy), vorwiegend festkochend (medium waxy) and mehlig (mealy). German stores label potatoes based on these three categories with a colored coded strip: green for festkochend, red for vorwiegend festkochend and blue for mehlig.

How many types of potatoes in Germany?

Over 360 varieties are cultivated in Germany and more than 1,600 varieties are registered in Europe. But it is not just the diversity of their regional names and varieties that make this brown tuber something special, it’s what’s inside them too.

Why are potatoes a staple food in Germany?

King Frederick II (King Frederick the Great, 1712–1786) introduced the potato, a staple in the German diet. He gave away seed potatoes and taught the people how to grow them. But wars caused food shortages and hardship twice during the twentieth century.

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What are russet potatoes in Germany?

In Germany they are called Mehligkochend, and come in a bag with a blue tag. Earthy flavored russets and Idahos are the best choice for fluffy French fries, fluffy roasted potatoes, and archetypical creamy mashed potatoes. They, however, lose their shape when simmered in soups or stews.

Do they have sweet potatoes in Germany?

With its creamy texture and a sweet-spicy flavour, the sweet potato is enjoying increasing popularity not only in Germany, but across Europe. Although the European market for sweet potatoes is still relatively small, imports and consumption are rapidly expanding.

Where in Germany are potatoes grown?

According to the Federal Statistical Office, Lower Saxony is the largest potato producing county, followed by Bavaria and North Rhine-Westphalia. Three quarters of the German acreage accounted for these three federal states.

What is Festkochend?

Festkochend (Waxy)—These are potatoes with a low starch content, which hold up well after cooking. They are good for salads, salt potatoes, bratkartoffeln or fried potatoes, and casseroles and soups. In Germany, the varieties you might see are named Cilena, Linda, Nicola, etc.